the city is a business and educational centre for the region and the 10th largest city in Denmark.Roskilde is governed by the administrative council of Roskilde Municipality.Roskilde has a long history, dating from the pre-Christian Viking Age.
In the 1970s, the city benefited from the Holbæk Motorway which linked it to Copenhagen and the establishment of Roskilde University in 1972.With the development of the rail network in the 19th century, Roskilde became an important hub for traffic with Copenhagen, and by the end of the century, there were tobacco factories, iron foundries and machine shops. kostenlose partneranzeigen Erlangen Among the largest private sector employers today are the IT firm BEC (Bankernes EDB Central) and GPI (Glim Plastic Industri), specializing in plastics.The Roskilde bishops owned large areas of land in the region including, from 1186, Havn on the Øresund which later became Copenhagen.By the time of the Danish Reformation in 1536, there were 12 churches and five monasteries in the city.
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The Sankt Hans psychiatric hospital serves the Capital Region with specialized facilities for forensic psychiatry.The cathedral and the Viking Ship Museum, which contains the well-preserved remains of five 11th-century ships, attract more than 100,000 visitors annually.Roskilde has a large local hospital which has been expanded and modernized since it was opened in 1855.It is now increasingly active in the research sphere.The Risø research facility is also becoming a major employer, extending interest in sustainable energy to the clean technology sphere.
The local university, founded in 1972, the historic Cathedral School, and the Danish Meat Trade College, established in 1964, are educational institutions of note.As a result of Absalon's influence, many other churches were built in the vicinity, making Roskilde the most important town in Zealand.Coins were minted there from the 11th to the 14th century.It is not clear when Roskilde became a market town but it was certainly enjoying trading privileges under King Eric II who reigned from 1134 to 1137.These privileges were firmly established when the Roskilde City Council granted market town status to other towns on Zealand on 15 June 1268.