Prehistoric Art When did humans first start creating works of art? Where can I find a comprehensive timeline of Stone Age art? What sort of art is the Bronze Age famous for? Even so, those temples which have survived, like the Parthenon on the Acropolis in Athens, still have numerous examples of relief-sculpture and some statues. What is the earliest type of art produced by Stone Age Man? Luckily some outstanding masterpieces have survived, notably "Laocoon" (42-20 BCE), carved by Hagesandrus, Polydorus and Athenodorus. Ceramic earthenware is the principal surviving source of information about Greek pictorial art. Where can I find a list of medieval artists? Where can I find a guide to the history of American Art? For a guide to the first paleoart, see: Earliest Art.
This Carolingian Art was followed by Ottonian Art produced under the Emperors Otto I, II, III, Louis the Pious and Charles the Bald.Divided into two consecutive eras (Early Renaissance 1400-1490; High Renaissance 1490-1530), it firmly re-established Western art according to the principles of Classical Antiquity, especially Greek sculpture, and its theories about aesthetics, and the hierarchy of the genres remained dominant until Pablo Picasso and Cubism.For a chronology of events and details of all periods, styles and artists, see: Renaissance Art. What happened in Rome during the Renaissance? What was the English School of Figurative Painting? More likely, the first religious artworks will prove to be African or Australian rock paintings, probably dating to around 10-20,000 BCE. The best known examples of art from the Bronze Age (c.3500-1100 BCE) were created around the Mediterranean in the form of Egyptian monumental architecture (pyramids), as well as Minoan murals, pottery and sculpture. As the earliest and longest living of all the ancient Mediterranean civilizations, Egyptian craftsmen (especially stone masons) exerted an important influence on later Greek sculpture. Named after the legendary King Minos, the race known as the Minoans - the precursors of Greek art - lived on the island of Crete at the eastern end of the Mediterranean. Questions About Medieval Art What works of Christian art were produced during the Medieval period? Why were the Florentine Medici family important to Renaissance art? Who were the best known exponents of Romanticism? What's the difference between Realism, Social Realism and Socialist Realism? Later more refined statuettes appeared in Europe from 33,000 BCE onwards. Painted by modern Homo sapiens, the oldest known cave murals occur in the Upper Paleolithic rock shelters of Chauvet, Pech-Merle, Cosquer and Lascaux (Dordogne, France) and at Altamira (Cantabria, Spain). For a comprehensive chronology of important dates of the Paleolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic periods of the Pleistocene and Holocene epochs, covering the earliest petroglyphs, sculptures, cave murals, megalithic architecture, pottery and metalwork, see: Prehistoric Art Timeline. If cupules turn out to be religious markings, the answer may be "as early as 700,000 BCE. Egyptian culture (3100 BCE - 395 CE) made an enormous contribution to the history of art.
Vikings - pagan Danish, Norwegian and Swedish warriors - raided and settled widely in Europe, North America, Greenland, Iceland, Ireland, Scotland, England and Continental Europe.Most of their artifacts (mostly portable works) comprised functional tools or equipment, although Viking craftsmen also excelled at ornamental metalwork. While Western Christendom slipped into the cultural abyss of the barbarian Dark Ages (400-1000), its artistic values were maintained by its Eastern capital in Byzantium, to which thousands of Roman and Greek artists and craftsmen emigrated and began creating a new set of Eastern Christian images (see Icons: Icon Painting), in the Byzantine style. What happened in Florence during the Renaissance? For details and photographs, see: Venus of Berekhat Ram and the Venus of Tan-Tan. Questions About Renaissance Art Why is the Renaissance period so important in the development of Western art? Questions About Contemporary Art What is postmodernism? The first proto-sculptures are the Acheulian period figurines made by Homo erectus, which date from 200,000 BCE.For more, see: Gothic Art and also Gothic Architecture.
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The Renaissance (rinascimento) was an upsurge of creative activity in all fine arts disciplines, centred in Italy between 14.
Monumental painting had the highest status, followed by architecture, sculpture and metalwork. Roman painters and sculptors suffered from a traditional sense of inferiority in the face of Greek art, which they copied endlessly.
The greatest artistic achievements of ancient Rome were in Roman architecture (eg. This term traditionally refers to the metalwork, sculpture and decorative works of the Ancient Celts, who arrived in Eastern Europe from the Caucasus around 800 BCE. For the history and cultural contributions of the Celts, see: Celtic Culture.
However, recent archeological discoveries seem to confirm that prehistoric art begins much earlier - almost certainly during the middle Lower Paleolithic - between about 290,000 and 700,000 BCE. The oldest known rock art is the "cupule", a hemispherical petroglyph, created by percussion, which occurs on vertical as well as horizontal surfaces.
Up until recently most paleoanthropologists and art historians thought that the history of art begins during the Upper Paleolithic period between 35,000 and 10,000 BCE, as evidenced by a series of cave paintings and miniature carvings discovered mainly in Europe.